Logical Reasoning Test

Deductive Reasoning Test

What Is a Deductive Reasoning Test?

As a type of psychometric test, Deductive reasoning tests require you to look at a series of facts and use deduction to get to a conclusion. These tests check for logical and methodical thinking in an allotted time period.

Deductive reasoning will require the test taker to get hold of a strong logic or the unchanging variable which forms the basis of assessment later done using the rest of the information to arrive at conclusion. Such tests are utilized to select candidates on the basis of their deductive abilities.

The basic premise of conducting a deductive reasoning test is to check and quantify the test taker’s ability for logical deduction and problem-solving. As the test taker uses logic to arrive at a logical conclusion, their methodology gets tested. It is a transferable skill that can be used in a plethora of real-life use cases.

You may also define deductive reasoning as a process where you use your reasoning abilities to logically process information provided in the form of single or multiple sentences.

How a Deductive Reason Test Differs From Inductive Reasoning Test?

  • Deductive reasoning uses logic with a level of certainty, whereas inductive reasoning gives out a reasonable probability.
  • Deductive reasoning reaches a conclusion by taking help from general principles and set standards of logic, while inductive reasoning relies on similarly occurring responses that lead to a specific design of thought.
  • As you use the deductive approach, you chuck away possible outcomes one by one and reach one final outcome by using logic. An example of the same can be an array where the final answer is going to be in a symbiotic relationship with already present numbers e.g. Sudoku. However, inductive reasoning relies on general conclusions based on patterns and thought designs as per present circumstances.

Types of Deductive Reasoning Tests

Regardless of types of deductive reasoning tests, the test taker has to process the given information into a meaningful conclusion. The approach to this is to deduct or overrule the less logical outcomes and arrive at the most logical outcome.

Types of deductive reasoning tests:


You read through the given set of sentences and use logic to establish the relationship of these given statements with the last statement. These are the most common type of deductive reasoning questions.

For example:

Question: Sun is stationary and the earth revolves around it. The Earth rotates on its own axis from west to east.

Statement: As the earth rotates on its axis, the sun appears to rise from the East and set in the West.

  • True
  • False
  • Insufficient information

The correct answer here will be “True”.


In arrangements deduction reasoning type of questions, you are given people or objects with a set of sentences that establish a relationship between them. Using your logical deduction you analyze and arrange the given set of information and give answers based on your assessment.

For example:

Question: John is leading the pack. Sam is behind Bishop. Bishop is behind Jane.

Who comes last?

  • Sam
  • Bishop
  • Jane

The correct answer here will be “A”.

How to Prepare for a Deductive Reasoning Test

Follow the following 5 steps:

  1. “Practice makes perfect” and we just cannot stress less on this point. Make sure you practice as many deductive reasoning tests as possible. They will certainly help you in becoming familiar with the general approach of these tests including types of questions and time limits.
  2. While you cannot predict which questions you are going to get in the tests, you can certainly research typical topics, formats and types of questions.
  3. Time yourself while taking practice tests. Proper time management can make or break your test results.
  4. Read the instructions before you jump to conclusions. Always check your working on how you arrived at a particular answer.
  5. Make sure you are focused and stress-free before going through the test.

Deductive Reasoning Tests Tips

The one sure shot way to success is to take practice tests beforehand. They surely help familiarize yourself with different question types and help boost your confidence. You need to learn to manage these 3 things – Time, Skills, Stress.

Deductive Reasoning Test FAQs

What questions can I expect?

As already discussed, Syllogisms and Arrangements are the two most common types of deductive reasoning tests. So the typical questions will be like the ones we shared in the examples.

Where are the deductive reasoning tests used?

The deductive reasoning tests are used to assess test-takers who are trying to make it to entry-level and mid-level positions. These are most commonly used for knowledge-based jobs like in the IT sector, engineering and science disciplines.

Will I get marked down for incorrect answers?

Usually deductive reasoning tests do not carry any negative marking. However, you should not guess your answers. In case you are unsure of your answer, you may approach your answer by eliminating the answers that you think are not accurate.

How are deductive reasoning tests scored?

Scoring in deductive tests is based on the number of correct answers you mark. Further, your scores are interpreted by comparing with the average score received by other candidates who take the test.

What exactly does your deductive reasoning test measure?

Your logic skills are measured in deductive reasoning tests. As you go through the given set of sentences, you devise a possible solution to the given information. Something that is logical and has a direct relationship with the information provided. Think analytically to succeed in your test and give your career a flying start.

What makes deductive reasoning tests important?

Deductive reasoning is a way of life. You do not need a test to do deductions in your day to day life. The employers want to test you for your deduction capabilities. Logical problem solving is the key to success in deductive reasoning tests.

Employers want to test your ability to reason accurately and with speed. Use these tests as a tool to stand apart from the crowd.